Both smart houses and buildings must comply with a series of features to work optimally and also be considered smart homes. For this, it is important to evaluate the characteristics of the place where it will be built and take into account the environmental conditions in order to do it as ecologically and ergonomically as possible.
Characteristics for a home to be smart
Smart homes and buildings must have their semi-automated and management systems controlled through software. In this way, we can have better security, more efficiency in energy consumption, better service control and greater accessibility.
Security: better security thanks to the innovative systems and software that control it, having greater vigilance of the whole place and being able to watch it from a single room.
Integrated system: smart buildings as well as houses of this type, must have a control system completely integrated into their structure, forming part of it. They must be centralized through an electronic administrator.
Ergonomic: these homes’ design should be as comfortable as possible, since one of its main objectives is to make its resident’s lifestyle easier, optimizing the control of telecommunications, security, lighting, acclimatization, multimedia and access.
Efficient consumption: the best thing about having an automated system is that it can measure electricity and water consumption, which saves on the cost of services, in addition to keeping track of the amount of services consumed.
Flexibility: Smart homes and buildings have the ability to adapt more easily to technological changes that will come in the future, such as new software and hardware.
Ecological resistance: these homes must be resistant to various environmental situations. Those phenomena, such as strong fluctuations in temperature and humidity, as well as heavy rains, frosts and snowmelt, are circumstances in which these homes must be technologically equipped in the most appropriate manner.
For this, most of these houses are located on solid ground with foundations of insulating material in order to avoid water seepage. The same happens with the walls material that must be flexible enough to be able to resist the dilatations and contractions caused by the big temperature changes.
Usable energy: houses have a roof covered with solar panels that connects to the house’s energy system, which allows a better supply in addition to using ecological energy. The best thing is to have photovoltaic technology that allows to store solar energy and be able to use it for heating the house, water, etc.
Smart rooms: the whole house must have a central computer in which the entire house will be controlled. This will remain connected to different devices wirelessly with the different terminals of the rest of the home.